Tag Archives: science

Flying Sharks

flyingsharks

Submitted by: Chandra Reyer

Children make their own “flying” sharks!

Goals:

  • To create a uniquely-designed flying shark
  • To explore the concepts of aerodynamics and physics
  • To explore cause and effect

Before You Start:
Gather materials needed: construction paper, markers, crayons, glitter or metallic glue, glue sticks, scissors and transparent tape. Also, find images of shark profiles online or from magazines for reference.

Let’s Get Started!
Step 1.
Fold a piece of construction paper in half the long way.

Step 2.
Using the reference images, draw an outline of a shark and cut out, except on the bottom. Add tape to the front end and to the tail end.

Step 3.
Using the construction paper scraps, fold and cut two triangle fin pieces at least two inches or longer. Tape to the outside of the shark on each side so that the fins are able to flap up and down.

Step 4.
Using more scraps, fold and cut a large triangular dorsal fin. Glue or tape to the inside of the top of the shark.

Step 5.
Decorate the shark as desired.

Step 6.
Take the shark for a test flight. Try to determine adjustments that can be made to make the shark fly farther.

Furthermore:
The sharks around South Africa’s Seal Island have developed the unique hunting technique of flying out of the water the catch prey. Find videos of these sharks online to encourage discussion about these and other types of sharks. Consider why these particular sharks have developed this method of hunting, which is different from how most other sharks hunt.

Products You May Need:

Advertisements

Glittery Salt

glittersalt

Create bright, three-dimensional collages or fill glass jars with layers of sparkling color! Turn flat surfaces into imaginative, tactile, sparkly works of art, with salt as your main ingredient! Add rich, vibrant color, and great texture to any collage.

Goals:

  • To observe cause and effect
  • To have fun with a sensory art activity
  • To develop fine motor skills

Before You Start:
Gather sand art bottles or recycle, small clean empty glass jars or bottles with lids from home. Set out funnels, rock salt or table salt, Liquid Watercolor™ paints, a 1/4 measuring cup, a tablespoon, BioColor® Shimmer Powder and paper towels.

Let’s Get Started!
Step 1.
Add 1 Tbsp. of Colorations® Liquid Watercolor to ¼ cup of regular table salt or rock salt, and mix.

Step 2.
Spread mixture out on a paper towel and microwave on high for 2 minutes.

Step 3.
Using fingers break up the dried pieces until the consistency is granular again.

Step 4.
Try adding baby oil or Metallic Powder for a shimmering effect. Adds rich, vibrant color, and great texture to any collage. (Does not work with gold, silver or white.)

Furthermore:
Salt teaches children about science. It’s very absorbent and reduces the freezing point of water. That’s why rock salt is sprinkled onto roads after a snowstorm: it lowers the freezing point of water and makes driving safer. It’s also used to make homemade ice cream. Think about it!

Products You May Need:

Exploration Ice Blocks

explorationice

Submitted by: Mandy White

Let little ones explore textures, colors, temperatures and more!

Goals:

  • To learn about different textures
  • To practice matching skills
  • To learn about the different forms of water: gas, solid, liquid

Before You Start:
Gather materials needed: ice cube trays, plastic containers, Liquid Watercolor™ and various materials (glitter, colored sand, colored rice, leaves, flowers, rocks, small sticks, etc.).

Let’s Get Started!
Step 1.
Fill the different compartments with a little bit of the different materials you gathered. Carefully fill the tray with water. Add some drops of Liquid Watercolor™ to some of the compartments. Allow to freeze overnight.

Step 2.
The next day, empty the ice cube tray into a clear plastic container. Allow the children to touch and feel the cubes and encourage discussion about how the different materials frozen inside of them feel.

Step 3.
Use tweezers to help you explore the different ice cubes, while also practicing the pincer grasp.

Furthermore:
Ask the children to match cubes with similar attributes (colors, size, materials, etc.), or try practicing fine motor skills by stacking the cubes.

Products You May Need:

Craft Tube Shark

craftsharkCelebrate Shark Week by creating your very own shark using common materials.

Goals:

  • To practice using fine motor skills
  • To engage in discussions about sharks
  • To engage in pretend play

Before You Start:
Gather materials needed: BioColor® paint, craft tubes, wiggly eyes, glue, tape and paper.

Let’s Get Started!
Step 1.
Cut a triangle out of one end of a craft tube. Keep both triangle pieces.

Step 2.
Tape and glue (a little of both work best) one of the triangles to the uncut side of the craft tube.

Step 3.
Help the children carefully cut a slot in the top of the craft tube. Make a small fold along the long end of the second triangle piece and insert it into the slot. Tape the folded part of the triangle to the top underside of the craft tube.

Step 4.
Paint the craft tube and triangles grey. Allow to fully dry.

Step 5.
Cut strips of sharp teeth out of white paper and glue to the cut side of the craft tube.

Step 6.
Add final details to your shark. Use black marker to draw gills and then add wiggly eyes!

Step 7.
Optional: Glue a stick or straw to your shark to turn it into a puppet!

Furthermore:
Read books about sharks, or watch programs on TV to learn about these fascinating creatures!

Products You May Need:

Iceberg Melt

icebergmelt

Submitted by: Kate Parker

Using icebergs made from paint, children watch the melting process and make observations of the combination of colors, flow of the melting colors and the elapsed time needed for their “icebergs” to melt.

Goals:

  • To practice measuring
  • To understand the difference between liquids and solids
  • To hypothesize about the new colors created when colors are mixed
  • To create art and patterns from the melting “iceberg” paint
  • To discuss where real icebergs can be found

Before You Start:
Gather materials needed: small paper cups, markers, water, BioColor® paint colors and a covered working surface.

Let’s Get Started!
Step 1.
Give each student a small paper cup and have them write their name on it. Students should add their own mix of BioColor® paint to their cup. Freeze overnight.

Step 2.
Have the children guess (i.e., make hypotheses) what will happen when their icebergs begin to melt and blend together. What new colors will be created?

Step 3.
Tear away the paper cups to release each iceberg. Place the icebergs on a plastic tray, panel or another type of water container.

Step 4.
Observe the melting icebergs. Which hypotheses proved to be true? Encourage the children to develop new hypotheses as they observe.

Furthermore:
Discuss further scientific principles that can be observed while the icebergs are melting. For example, solid water (ice) floats on liquid water. Do the melting paint colors blend the same way they do on paper?

Products You May Need:

Swirling Solar System

solarsystem

Submitted by: Mandy White

Hang swirling BioColor® planets on a hoop for hands-on learning about the solar system!

Goals:

  • To investigate color blending
  • To learn about the planets in our solar system

Before You Start:
Gather materials needed: BioColor® Clear Ball Ornaments, BioColor® paint, a hoop, foam sheets (for planet rings) and yarn or string.

Let’s Get Started!
Step 1.
Locate a book or Web page with pictures of the planets to use as a reference.

Step 2.
Add 1-2 tablespoons of BioColor® paint to each ball, using colors that resemble each respective planet. Close the ball tightly and swirl the paint around to cover the inside.

Step 3.
Optional: Use tape to attach foam rings to Saturn, Jupiter, Uranus and Neptune.

Step 4.
Hang the planets from a hoop and have them orbit the Sun in the center.

Furthermore:
Discuss the different attributes of the planets, such as size, composition and whether or not they have rings. View pictures from the Mars Rover Curiosity and discuss how the surface of Mars compares to the surface of Earth.

Products You May Need:

Leaf Man

2165

Submitted by: Penny Sommers

Explore the fall season and gather materials to create a personal Leaf Man.

Goals:

  • Work cooperatively when hunting for materials to build a Leaf Man
  • Learn about the different types of things that can be found outside during the fall season

Before You Start:
Gather materials needed: Large sheets of heavyweight paper (at least 9″ x 12″), glue, and an assortment of leaves from outside with which to create a Leaf Man. Lead a nature walk outside to gather leaves. Provide the children with a small bag to use to collect leaves.

Let’s Get Started!
Step 1.
Spread the collected leaves on a work surface.

Step 2.
Arrange the leaves on top of a sheet of paper in the shape a Leaf Man. When you are happy with how your Leaf Man looks, carefully glue the leaves to the paper.

Step 3.
As the children work, discuss the different types of leaves and the trees they come from.

Step 4.
Optional: Enhance your Leaf Man creation with paint or other embellishments.

Furthermore:
Read and discuss the book The Leaf Man by Lois Ehlert. For future projects, use collected leaves to create an array of different creatures.

Products You May Need: